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Bet Placement in a Roulette Game

When it comes to betting placement in a roulette game, a player needs to grab a seat. We reiterate that point all the time, and it seems we are starting to sound like a broken record, but we can never overemphasize on the need to get a comfortable seat. If a player wants to see the most of the betting layout, he or she will need to take one of the several seats at the table (it's as simple as that). Now, the seat located at the centre of the roulette and the last seat around the backside, which is found next to the dealer will provide you with the best opportunity.

In a situation where the crowd around the roulette table is massive, the players should look at the first available seat.

Once the game has begun, players choose their place chips and bets on the roulette layout. When a bet includes more than one chip, the chips will have a single stack layout. In case some of the other players have placed chips on the number you intend to play with, it will be no problem to stack your chips directly.

When the dealer is done stacking the chips, collected from the previous game, he/she takes the roulette ball and spins it. As the ball spins, players are allowed to continue staking and placing bets. Once the ball starts to decelerate, and the moment where either two or three more spins remain, the dealer then informs players that the players should place no more bets.

Any bets made after the dealer’s announcement may not be recorded – dealers don’t take such into account.

Don’t try to place bets after the dealer stops the game – whether or not the dealer verbally stops the betting or not, all bet place after the roulette ball drops in of the numbered pockets will be put off. All bet placement after the ball settles into any pocket is known as “past posting,” and you shouldn’t do this more than once, as it might attract the attention of the floor supervisor – this is unnecessary attention you ought to avoid.

Once the spinning ball finds its way into any of the pockets, the dealer places a win marker on the table layout at the winning number. Meanwhile, all unprofitable chips are cleared, and the players who won will get paid. Once all the players have received the cash, the marker is removed, and the bets for the next ball is initiated. In our next piece, we will take a look at inside bets of the roulette game. The bets are usually categorized in two different categories – these categories include inside and outside roulette bets.

So, remember to get a favourable sit when playing a roulette game as it will help you in the long run. You should also remember to avoid placing unnecessary bets. Pay attention to the dealer as well. Share your comments with us in the comment section below. 

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Human beings have always been intrigued and fascinated by beauty and have gone to great extremes to either be beautiful or to have the beautiful. And Beauty can be dangerous. However, modern consumer cultures seem obsessed with beauty. And it is certainly controversial. Cosmetic surgery procedures are becoming more socially acceptable world-wide. Why are people willing to have medically unnecessary operations-with all of the risks of infection, scarring, and death-for the sake of how they look? Has the whole world been taken over by a 'culture of narcissism'? But what is wrong with wanting to look good? Articles here cover many different aspects of beauty from various perspectives. Most pages have a different web poll. You can visit the forums to find out what people think and feel about beauty. is dedicated to the experience of beauty in nature and cultures past and present. Why do we find certain things or styles beautiful? Why do we worry about aging and hair loss? Why are people in contemporary societies so obsessed with beauty? Visit Introduction to the Site to find out what this site is about. Several new pages are usually being added to on a weekly basis and there are extensive development plans for the site so be sure to check back regularly.

The Beauty Blog : A weblog with regularly updated news from around the globe on beauty, cosmetic surgery, fashion, design, pageants, and art.

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The Blackjack Guide - Exploring the Classic Casino Card

For a very long time, this classic game has maintained its status as one of the popular casino games online. Casino fans can attest to this fact. Blackjack is a high-energy game for experienced and beginners alike. What a lot of punters love about these games is the impressive winnings. In this piece, we will be sharing with you all you need to know about blackjack guide, some of the best online casinos for blackjacks, and other things you need to know about the classic casino card.

  • First, let us explore some of the reasons why we think Blackjack is an exciting game to try. Here are some of the reasons:
  • This classic card game remains one of the popular games amongst online casino game players as well as land-based casinos.
  • Blackjack requires skills and lots of chances compared to other online casino games.

By using strategies, you'll get to reduce the house benefit to less than 1%. Its important to always remember that you can cut at least 5% of the house edge if the details are extensive. Speaking of rules, they are simple to follow.

The Fundamentals

You need to learn the fundamentals as far as Blackjack is concerned. In this game, the goal is to beat the dealer at his game. The basic principle also applies to punters that play this game online or real casinos. To win this game, you need to first and foremost avoid going all-in with the bust with the brick-and-mortar casinos. Instead, you should let the dealer go bust. Interestingly, learning about Blackjack doesn't take much time. Absorbing the nine yards is as fast as possible.

The Rules

You need to place your bet

For blackjacks, each player has to place the first bet before the dealer then proceeds to give out the cards.

  • Determine Your Score

Next, the blackjack dealer shares the two cards to the players involved and one ticket for himself too. Then the dealer turns one of the card's face up for the players involved to see. The second card help by the dealer is displayed face down. Once you see the cards, players will be able to check out the cards and determine their score.

  • Be Strategic with your Moves

When the players find out what their scores are, the next thing they have to do is to make a strategic decision. You've got four choices which include hitting, double, stand, or split. Remember, the aim is to beat the dealer and achieve a score which is 21 or anything close to that. However, you are not allowed to exceed 21.

The Card Values

You need to take a look at the value of each card.

  • The Ace counts as 1 or 11 points.
  • Face cards, on the other hand, are worth 10 points.
  • The other cards have their face value. Now that's how it is.

Our top Basic Blackjack Strategy Tips

Learn to hold on to your firm hand

If you wish to increase your chances of winning, you need to learn to hold onto your firm hand. For example, if you have a hard 17 on your side, you need to stand. It doesn't necessarily increase your chances of winning; all it does is to keep your games intact after all, it's not worth the risk.

Allow the dealer to hit

Giving the dealer the chance to catch saves your game. You need to be very careful especially when the dealers up card is one of 4,5, or 6. This means that dealers will be at risk. In a situation where the dealer has a soft hand, there is every likelihood that he will opt-in for a hit instead of a stand to help increase his chance of getting closer to the needed score.

Learn to split eights and aces

You should never split tens. Instead, learn to slit the aces and tens. Why is this? Doing this will allow you to double your winning chances. Summing up the two 'aces' and eights doesn't give you that chance of winning. But when you have 10s, it will provide you with a summation of 20. It will increase your chances.

Best online casinos for Blackjack

JackpotCity Casino

Back in 2018 and 2019, JackpotCity was named the best site to play online Blackjack. It remains one of the best online casinos for Blackjack, especially if you want to make real money in 2020. It is a perfect platform for blackjacks. You'll find different versions of Blackjack on the platform. Beginners like the platform thanks to the $1600 everyone stands to gain in the form of a welcome bonus. 


We need not introduce this online casino platform as they are one of the 'top dog' as far as gambling is concerned. They are not just one of the best gambling sites in the world, but it is also one of the best places to play a game of Blackjack. This is one other gambling sites beginners find interesting. Thanks to the platform's reliability and safety measures. They offer players everything you need to know about playing Blackjack. Some of the exciting things about 888casino are that they provide fundamental elements such as qualitative tutorial for beginners as well as a free $88 no deposit bonus that's made available to some players.

Betway Casino

The last name on our list is Betway Casino. They offer a collection of unique games and different versions of Blackjack. If you wish to play the significant releases of Blackjack, your best bet is to try out Betway Casino. Traditionally, they offer some of the worlds entertaining games of video poker online. What makes this site thick? The fact that they provide every blackjack player with a unique and thrilling experience. You can play a game of Blackjack with as little as 0.5 pounds.


New Features and Coming Soon

> New Feature new forum and chat room where you can share your thoughts, musings, and personal experiences on beauty in cultures past and present .

> New Feature-Regularly updated news on a variety of topics relevant to beauty in nature and cultures - Fashion, Cosmetics, Ancient Egyptians, Orchids, Anorexia and more.

Laura Ann modelling one of her designs>Are you an aspiring fashion designer but having trouble breaking into the market? Do you get good feedback about your creations but can't develop yourself or get backing because you are not a 'name'? Send us some of your designs and some information about yourself and we will showcase you and your work free of charge on the Internet for all to see. Currently sharing the spotlight are Alexander Serafimov and Laura-Ann.

>Coming soon a website dedicated to showcasing the work of aspiring fashion designers. For more information about this exciting new free opportunity please contact the editor requesting information about the launch of

Beauty in the News

Audrey Hepburn Tops List of Ten Most Naturally Beautiful Women of All Time as Selected By Evian Poll Audrey Hepburn has been selected by an international panel of beauty experts as the most naturally beautiful woman of all time from a short-list of 100. The poll was conducted by Evian, the bottled water company. The top ten were Audrey Hepburn, Liv Tyler, Cate Blanchett, Angelina Jolie, Grace Kelly, Natalie Imbruglia, Juliette Binoche, Halle Berry, Helena Christensen, and Elle Macpherson. You can see photos and posters of them here.

Spending by Ethnic Consumers on Health and Beauty Products Reaches $1.5 Billion Packaged Facts, a consumer research company, says that ethnic consumers prefer general rather than ethnic-specific beauty products in its recent report.

ASPS Survey Reveals Dramatic Increase In People Seeking Plastic Surgery After Massive Weight Loss The American Society of Plastic Surgeons reports a big increase in the number of people seeking plastic surgery following on dramatic weight-loss.

New Survey Reveals Dramatic Rise in “Aging Face” Surgical Procedures Including Facelifts Baby boomers are not accepting growing old gracefully. A survey by the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery points to a huge increase in recent years in facelifts and other cosmetic procedures. Men appear to be almost as concerned as women though are more often likely to say it is because of competitive work-place reasons they need to appear younger.

Grooming Products Aimed at Young Males Have $2.8 Billion Potential Market The attitude of young males towards grooming products is gradually changing as they begin to think that the use of these products gives them added "sex appeal".

Maxillofacial Surgeons Bring Unique Set of Skills to Elective Cosmetic Surgery The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons think that its members are very well placed and trained to perform elective cosmetic surgery procedures especially as they have so much experience dealing with facial traumas.

Physical Beauty Involves More than Good Looks Studies have concentrated on the perception of physical beauty. Three recent studies by university researchers suggest that perception of physical attractiveness can be affected by our knowledge of a person's qualities.

Some Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Patients Continue to Place Themselves at Risk; American Society of Plastic Surgeons Concerned for Patient Safety Despite advice from the American Society for Plastic Surgery, a number of patients continue to place themselves at risk by having procedures performed by non-specialists in non- accredited facilities. The ASPS recommends that all surgery be performed by board-certified specialists in facilities accredited by the American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities (AAAASF).

Elizabeth Arden, Inc. Announces Exclusive Beauty Licensing Agreement With Britney Spears Elizabeth Arden Inc. announced today that it has signed an exclusive global licensing agreement with Britney Spears, the internationally acclaimed music star, to develop and market her own line of fragrance, skincare, and color cosmetics products.

New Reality TV Programs Create Unhealthy, Unrealistic Expectations of Plastic Surgery The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery is concerned about the new "reality TV" shows such as "I Want A Famous Face" and "The Swan." The worry is that these shows lead people to think that there are few risks to cosmetic surgery and that it can radically makeover your life.

"Virtual Plastic Surgery" - Announces Launch of Cosmetic Surgery Digital Imaging Services An interesting new service has been launched by the cosmetic surgery site You can now get photos of yourself digitally imaged so that you can see what you might look like if you had a face lift, breast augmentation, or liposuction.

After the Fat: Rise in Post Weight-Loss Surgery New Data from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery "Plastic surgeons say that post bariatric body contouring is an area of cosmetic surgery that is set to virtually explode over the next decade. With nearly one-third of U.S. adults obese and another third overweight, many are turning to bariatric surgery to lose pounds. But after the fat is gone, these patients are faced with the problem of loose, hanging skin - and lots of it."

More Than 8.7 Million Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Procedures in 2003-Up 32% Over 2002 More than 8.7 million procedures were performed on people who took action to proactively manage signs of aging or enhance their appearance by choosing cosmetic plastic surgery in 2003, according to statistics released today by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), up 32 percent from nearly 6.6 million in 2002.

Popularity of Plastic Surgery Does Not Diminish Risks The increasing popularity of cosmetic or plastic surgery does not diminish the risks. It is very important that potential consumers or patients make sure their physician is properly trained and accredited in the procedures he or she is suggesting.

Brits borrow their way to a better body New research commissioned by the Abbey reveals some startling facts about contemporary Britain and how the British are becoming more preoccupied with their appearance to the degree that many are now prepared to borrow significant sums of money for that cosmetic surgery makeover.

Excessive Cosmetic Surgery: How Much is Too Much ASAPS Press Release: "Undergoing multiple cosmetic procedures, simultaneously or over a period of time, is not unusual. People today live longer and, increasingly, seek to achieve and maintain an appearance that matches their self-image at every stage of life. Yet there is a very small subset of people who, if given the opportunity, may elect to undergo an excessive number of procedures without ever feeling satisfied with the outcome."

ASAPS Cosmetic Surgery Attitude Study Shows Big Gender Differences: American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Reports 2004 Survey ASAPS Press Release: "Women are more than twice as likely as men to consider having cosmetic plastic surgery, and the gender gap may be widening. According to a February 2004 attitude study of 1000 Americans 18 years of age and older, 34 percent of women said they would consider cosmetic surgery, an increase of 4 percent from February 2003. Among men, 14 percent said they would consider cosmetic surgery, a decrease of 4 percent from a year ago."

MTV's "I Want a Famous Face" Sets a Dangerous Course, Says the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery disapproves of TV shows such as MTV's 'I Want a Famous Face'. They think that shows like this will only lead to unrealistic expectations. It is well-known from research that if plastic surgery patients have unrealistic expectations they are more likely to be dissatisfied with the results of the surgery.

For Many Muslim Women, Head Scarves A Matter of Personal, Not Political, Conviction From Radio Free Europe, Kathleen Knox: "An item of clothing worn by many Muslim women has become a hot political topic in Europe recently, as France prepares to ban head scarves from public schools, along with other overt religious symbols. There's been anger and protests from Muslims around the world. What is the basis for the wearing of the hijab and other forms of Islamic dress?"

FDA Issues Regulation Prohibiting Sale of Dietary Supplements Containing Ephedrine Alkaloids and Reiterates Its Advice That Consumers Stop Using These Products Press Release February 6, 2004: The US Food and Drug Administration is immediately prohibiting the sale of dietary supplements containing ephedrine which can be found in weight loss or sport enhancement products. These supplements pose an unacceptable degree of risk to consumers.

Botulinum Rejuvenation: Men Finding Benefits Are More Than Just Skin Deep Press Release February 6, 2004. The American Academy of Dermatology reports on the growing numbers of men seeking 'botulinum rejuvenation' (Botox) and the need for the differential treatment of men from women.

Hair Disorders: Dermatologists Identify the Top 3 Causes of Tress Distress Press Release February 6 2004. This useful article from the American Academy of Dermatology identifies three major causes of hair loss and provides information as to what are FDA recommended treatments.

2003 Cosmetic Surgery Statistics Show Strong Increases Press Release January 26, 2004: The American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery has released its statistics for 2003 which show growth in nearly all cosmetic procedures. The greatest growth area was non-invasive treatments. Over 870,000 patients received treatments in 2003. This figure is up 6.7% on 2002.

10 Cosmetic Surgery Predictions for 2004 Press Release: American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Read this article to find out what the ASAPS thinks will be hot next year in the world of cosmetic surgery.

Love is Not Blind, Survey Says Press Release January 20, 2004: The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery conducted a survey which revealed that most men and women would like to change at least one feature on their partner's face. Men were usually insulted by this suggestion, women took it as a sign of love.

Surfing for the New You From The Toronto Star. San Grewal: "Fantasy has always been television's bread and butter but today's viewers are turning it into reality, embracing the shows about transformation — What Not To Wear, Extreme Makeover , Nip/Tuck , Skin Deep for the way you look, Trading Spaces , While You Were Out , Facelift, Queer Eye For The Straight Guy for the way you live — and pursuing the idea that perfection is, as Martha would say, a good thing. "We can rebuild him," the scientists said of Col. Steve Austin. Well, today's message is: We can rebuild you."

FDA Says Not Yet to Silicone Gel-Filled Breast Implants Press Release, January 8, 2004. American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery: Despite advice from its own panel of scientific experts the FDA has taken the nearly unprecedented step of saying not yet to silicone gel-filled implants.

French tussle over Muslim head scarf is positive push for women's rights Cheryl Benard: "French President Jacques Chirac has been sharply criticized by Muslim clerics around the world for his recent call for a ban on the Islamic head scarf, or hijab , in French public schools. Mr. Chirac's move has been attacked as a curtailment of personal freedom and an assault on Islam. But the proposed ban has also kicked loose a debate among Muslims everywhere. Indeed, a growing number of Muslims worldwide are coming forward to say the hijab is not a valid symbol either of freedom or Islam." From The Christian Science Monitor.

Neurological Basis for Romantic Love No one would question that beauty and romantic love, while different, have a profound relationship with one another. Romantic love can certainly turn the average into 'the most beautiful in the world.' Neuroscientists are now beginning to find out what the chemical correlates of romantic love are and what sectors of the brain are involved.

Facing the Age Old Question…How to Turn Back the Hands of Time American Academy of Dermatology: A recent survey conducted by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) finds 94 percent of women are confused by the myriad of anti-aging treatments available both over-the-counter and by prescription, and those cosmetic treatments available in a doctor’s office.

Breast Implant Update American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Press Release: "Breast augmentation, also called augmentation mammaplasty, involves surgical placement of an implant behind each breast to increase its volume and enhance its shape. Breast augmentation has been available in the United States for over 40 years. Here is the latest information on breast augmentation which, according to statistics from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) , is the second most popular surgical aesthetic procedure (249,641 in 2002)."

Good Grooming: The Secret Shopping Life of Men News Canada: According to Proctor and Gamble, men around the world spend $13.5 billion dollars a year on cosmetic products. Nearly 10 million men used hair colour last year.

Iran: Generation Gap Widening As Conservatives Try To Enforce Islamic Social Codes From Radio Free Europe. Golnaz Esfandiari: "It's hard to have fun in Iran -- that is, if you're one the more than 45 million people under the age of 35 looking for casual ways to socialize with members of the opposite sex. Conservative authorities in the Islamic Republic are taking steps to shut down Western-style establishments that proved popular gathering places for young Iranians. But social experts say such moves may only end up widening the value gap between conservatives and Iran's young majority."

When It Comes to Plastic Surgery, Extreme is "Out," Subtle "In" Press Release. American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery: "Despite the popularity of "makeover" reality shows, most Americans who might consider cosmetic plastic surgery would not want to drastically change their appearance, according to a national survey of 1000 American households sponsored by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS)."

Faces of Beauty-Yesterday and Today Press Release January 2003: The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery nominated Halle Berry and George Clooney as the "modern day ideal face of Beauty" in 2002. This press release informs the public of the standards for facial beauty held by facial plastic surgeons.

The Call of Beauty, Coming In Loud & Clear! From The Washington Post. Joel Garreau: An interesting article about the wide-spread resurgence of interest in beauty in contemporary global cultures after the demise of modernism.

The Skin We're In From The Observer. Tim Adams: An interesting article about the complexities of our relationship to our bodies in the age of the Human Genome Project.

Featured Articles

Beauty tames the toxic beast Wendy Therberge: "The beauty industry is an ugly business to work in. Hairstylists and estheticians are exposed to high levels of irritants, toxins and chemicals on a daily basis over the course of their careers. Working with hair dyes, bleaches, peroxides, wax solvents, permanent wave solutions and even shampoo takes its toll." This interesting article discusses how detrimental to the health of estheticians their work actually is and how one salon owner fought back using non-toxic products to the great delight of her staff and customers.

The Beauty and Poetry of the Chinese Garden Linda Robbins: For the Chinese it seems there is no gardening without poetry, and, in fact, the four arts of gardening, poetry, calligraphy, and landscape painting are inextricably interlinked. It is believed that in order to be expert at one it is necessary to be equally proficient at the others.

NewGardens of Myth and Legend Linda Robbins: Beautiful gardens have been part of human experience from very early times and in many cultures the creation stories involve gardens. These myths, including the story of man's disobedience are strikingly similar in many cultures.

NewEarly Developments in the History of the Garden Linda Robbins: Initially gardens were found, not made, as they were beautiful naturally occurring spaces which impressed people because of their location and/or the atmosphere created by the geography of the particular area. These were considered to be either the home of the Gods or the gardens of those favoured by them. We can all recall finding such places (glades ) when exploring the countryside, but these tend to be sensitive sites which do not survive human intervention and, while inspiring delight, are not 'useful' in a utilitarian sense.

Venus in Exile Carrie Keats: In her book, Venus in Exile: The Rejection of Beauty in 20 th -Century Art , Wendy Steiner underlines the assertion that modern art is purposely ugly and attempts to trace the intellectual roots of this monstrosity through the philosophies of Immanuel Kant and Edmund Burke, early twentieth century arguments of the avant-garde and the movement to banish the feminine, the sentimental and the beautiful in striving to attain the shattering experience of the sublime.

The Ideals of Motherhood - Aesthetics of Form and Function Nitin Kumar: This fascinating article looks at why so many voluptuous and beautiful women figure in the traditional art of India. The very early relationship of the suckling infant to the maternal breast and its later manifestation in Indian art is explored. A fascinating read with some lovely graphics. From Exotic India.

The Psychoanalytic Conception of Beauty Donald Kuspit: This interesting article outlines a psychoanalytic theory of aesthetics, exploring the relationship between beauty and ugliness, with reference to Botticelli, Titian, Rubens, Goya, and Picasso as well as 20th century psychoanalysts such as Freud, Klein, Segal, Meltzer, Rickman and others. Though a bit difficult you will find it well worth the effort.

A Review of D. Meltzer's and M.H. Williams' book The Apprehension of Beauty: The Role of Aesthetic Conflict in Development, Violence and Art Linda Robbins: This is a fascinating, interesting, but difficult book about the 'apprehension' of beauty. The title is a rather complicated pun as to 'apprehend' something can mean to grasp it but 'apprehensive' can also mean to be fearful of. Beauty attracts us, we want to grasp it, but it also makes us anxious. Our anxieties about beauty are epitomized in John Keats' (1795-1821) poem 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci': "They cried—“La Belle Dame sans Merci/Hath thee in thrall!”

"Why Doesn't She?" : A Full-Length Review of Joanna Pitman's On Blondes Michael Sones: If you are interested in the history of beauty, hair color, and hairstyles within the social context of culture then I think you will find Joanna Pitman's  On Blondes a book with all of the compelling fascination of a 'blonde' itself. Beginning with the ancient Greeks and concluding with the holy female trinity of Madonna, Princess Diana, and Margaret Thatcher it is an intriguing and knowledgeable study of the history and place of the 'power of the  blonde' within the 'symbolic code' of different Western cultures.

Melanie Klein: Beauty and Envy Linda Robbins: Many different reasons have been put forward as to why there is such an obsessive preoccupation with beauty in modern cultures. Most focus on social factors such as male domination of women or competition between women. This article outlines some possible individual unconscious factors. Melanie Klein was a psychoanalyst who thought that the obsessive preoccupation some women have with beauty has its origins in earliest infancy and a little girl's envious relationship to the beauty of her own mother.

Beauty Therapy: Health Profession or Cultural Practice? Eloie James: As the obsession with beauty becomes a global phenomenon, beauty therapy is becoming a profession in increasing demand. What is beauty therapy? It seems to have elements both of a health profession and a cultural practice.

Beauty In Japan: The Geisha Sofia Patterson: The Geisha, primarily women trained in the traditional arts of Japan, are renowned throughout the world for their beauty, poise, talent, witty conversation and confidentiality. This article discusses aspects of Geisha life and history. Find out what Maiko, shamisen, Tachikata, Jikata, and hanamachi mean.

Hathor, Lady of Beauty Judith Illes: Hathor was the goddess of beauty and sacred sponsor of the cosmetic arts but simultaneously their living embodiment too. It is difficult to consider the Egyptian vision and concept of beauty without also considering the roles played by this prominent goddess. Read this fascinating article about Hathor, the Ancient Egyptian Goddess of Beauty, and the centrality of her role in Egyptian life. From TourEgypt

Rebel Poets, Hula Hoops and Elvis Margaret Manning: In 1954 a poor white boy from Tupelo gyrated onto the stage of American culture. With greased back hair and swivelling hips, Elvis Presley, the High Priest of Rock and Roll, was instrumental in the 1950s and 1960s rebellion against conservative Eisenhower era notions of beauty and attractiveness.


The Evolution of Allure: Sexual selection from the Medici Venus to the Incredible Hulk Linda Robbins: George Hersey's The Evolution of Allure is a fascinating account linking the representation in art of beauty and sexual attractiveness with evolution, sexual selection and what is really going on in a culture.

The Dark Beauty of Gustave Klimt Michael Sones: Klimt was apparently interested in the more perverse aspects of human sexuality. Many of his paintings have a femme fatale motif or are darkly suggestive in other ambiguous ways. He was clearly attracted to the beauty of women and once said of himself that he was not an interesting person but that women were. However, there is a darker and more sinister side to women's beauty in Klimt's paintings......

American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society: Position Statement on Cosmetic Foot Surgery There has been a lot of controversy in the press recently about women seeking out cosmetic surgery in order to cure 'defects' which either arise from or prevent them from wearing the rivetting shoe fashion of designers such as Jimmy Choo or Manolo Blahnik. Some doctors consider unnecessary surgery as reprehensible given the risks.

Body Beautiful/Body Perfect: Challenging the Status Quo: Where Do Women with Disabilities Fit In? Disability Cool: An interesting and thoughtful article about being a disabled woman within the beauty culture and how having a disability can impact on a woman's self-image and self-esteem.

The Transformation of Beauty: Hair Styles in a Global Culture Michael Sones: Globalization is leading to global beauty standards. Not much can be done about natural skin color but hair can be curled, kinked, straightened, dyed, and extended. A new beauty, no longer dominated by Western cultures, is emerging.

NewHairstyle Gallery You can see our latest hairstyle gallery, with dozens of fantastic hairstyles, here. There are loads of different styles here ranging from the sensuous siren to the commanding businesswoman. There are some retro styles as well. Take a look. We're sure you won't be disappointed.

Modifying the Body: Tattoos and Piercings Kasey West: Body modification in the form of tattooing and piercing is traditionally viewed with reserve in contemporary Western societies. Those with tattoos or piercings are seen as rebellious and defiant of social conventions. However, body adornment in other non-Western cultures plays an expressive role in the articulation of cultural and religious values.

Ties that Bind: Wang Ping Doesn't Wear High Heels Anymore Jennifer Thaney:Wang Ping, a Macalester College professor, only wears oversized shoes and hiking boots. Her research for her book, Aching for Beauty, which is an historical and sociological study of Chinese footbinding affected her deeply.

Beauty and Imitation: The Theory of Rene Girard Kasey West: Rene Girard's theory of mimetic desire offers some useful insights into the power of beauty in cultures.

Be Beautiful and Carry a Big Stick: Physical Attractiveness and the Maasai Aesthetic Robert Biswas-Diener: The Maasai of Kenya find attributes, such as carrying a big stick, an essential part of their aesthetic of beauty. Their concept of beauty differs considerably from that of most Americans and they seem to be happier.

Capturing Nature's Beauty Richard Fray: Richard is a wildlife photographer living in Tucson, Arizona. He is is entranced by the beauty he finds in nature and takes some absolutely riveting photographs. Read about his work and see some of his photographs here. He also supplied the photographs for our web page on Hummingbirds Further examples of his work can be seen here.

Beauty and the 'Cult of Celebrity' Kasey West: There have always been celebrities but in the 20th and 21st centuries this has become something of a cult. Some interesting ideas here about why we are fascinated by celebrities, their beauty, and the products they use.

Chinese Beauty Through the Changes of Time Kasey West: A fascinating account of the history of beauty standards in China from the 1st century B.C. to the 21st century. Some great photographs too.

Beauty Under Islam Kasey West: When the Miss World Beauty Pageant was held in Nigeria in 2002 it led to rioting and over 200 deaths. More recently, the Afghan beauty,Vida Samadzai, sparked controversy by wearing a red bikini at the Miss Earth Beauty Pageant. Beauty and the role of women within Islam are controversial. Can Islamic ideas about beauty be reconciled with modern Western values or is the gulf just too great?

Beauty Goes to Bollywood News headlines about the cinema of the Indian subcontinent and its stylized depictions of beauty which are now becoming heavily influenced by Western standards.

Hairstyles Well-groomed hair is beautiful and sexy. It can signify youth, health, and vitality. Many women don't feel right unless they feel that their hair looks good. If their hair looks good they feel great.

About Beauty Images of beauty are everywhere. In the developed world the preoccupation with the body and with Beauty is intensifying and the Beauty Industry, despite nearly thirty years of feminism, is a multi-billion dollar a year business.

Marilyn Monroe One of the most famous women of the twentieth century, was born Norma Jean Mortenson in June, 1926. She was Marilyn. Her story, her legend, has touched the hearts of the generations.

Jumping Through Hoops Stephanie Lynch: Well written overview of body image issues in modern America with annotated bibliography. From Stephanie Lynch.

Rethinking Barbie Deb-Moore Henecke : Every young girl in America longs to own Barbie or play with her hair. From Images: A Journal of Film and Popular Culture

The Unfair Female Beauty Burden: American women face unrealistic pressure Terry Duschinski: Better to be an ugly guy than an ugly girl in this culture. From Florida Fitness

Electoral Beauty Myths Virginia Postrel: We judge politician's looks but should not assume that tells us anything about their characters. From ( - Reason

Looks Matter Virginia Postrel: Looks matter in the new aesthetic economy.

Black Beauty Aïda Croal: Black beauty reflected in a Western gaze. From

Beauty and Desire in Edo Japan Peter Symonds: Ukiyo-e, "pictures of the floating world." From ( - World Socialist Web Site

Chinese Foot-Binding Jim A. Crites: Over a thousand years a billion Chinese women endured the torment of footbinding in the name of beauty. From ( - Jim A. Crites

Looking Good: The Psychology and Biology of Beauty Charles Feng: Read about beauty from the perspective of evolutionary psychology with particular reference to ideas about symmetry.

On The Evolution of Human Aesthetic Preferences Andrew T. Chamberlain: How did our aesthetic preferences for some things over others arise. From ( - Assemblage

Beauty, Fashion and the Coolidge Effect Understanding the 'Coolidge Effect' can help to make sense of the desire for "newness" and "uniqueness" in fashion.

Form and Symmetry Christy Turlington credits the symmetry of her lips for much of her success. Proportion and symmetry in an object seem to be nearly always essential to our visual perception and experience of that object as being beautiful.

Theory of Beauty Beauty has a simple biological purpose and that is to attract for purposes of sex. The biological purpose of sex is not fun but reproduction.

Modern Standards of Beauty: Nature or Nurture?© An Evolutionary Perspective Jennifer Goehring: In modern America for the sake of an arbitrary standard of beauty we still witness an alarming rate of anorexia and bulimia. From ( - Evolution's Voyage

History of the Beauty Pageant Paris of Troy had to choose which of three beauties was the most comely and the Trojan War was started. The controversy over beauty pageants continues to this day.

Goddesses Fly Again: Butterfly Images in Mexican Myth and Textiles Gary Noel Ross: Butterflies in Mexican mythology linking beauty, butterflies, the feminine and death. From The North American Butterfly Association.

COSMETICS, STYLES & BEAUTY CONCEPTS IN IRAN Massoume Price: An interesting historical overview of cosmetics and beauty concepts in the ancient Middle East with particular reference to Persia (Iran). The article has some very interesting photos of ancient statues revealing hairstyles and dress. From ( - The Culture of Iran

What was it like to be an Ancient Egyptian woman? Did she worry about how she looked, about her weight, about the first appearance of wrinkles on her skin? Did she diet and compare her figure with her friends? Was she bothered about bad breath and stretch marks?

The Beautiful One is Come: Nefertiti The legendary Nefertiti, one of the most beautiful women in history.

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all featured books have been read by a member of the team

Awakening Beauty Anthony Napoleon, the author of Awakening Beauty: An Illustrated Look at Mankind's Love and Hatred of Beauty, is a psychologist who has spent many years studying beauty and its impact upon both individuals and society. He has worked with both cosmetic surgery patients and beauty pageant contestants as well as conducting original research into the field.

Awakening Beautyis an unprecedented exposé on the subject of beauty. It is both entertaining and thought provoking, a combination that is as unique as it is telling about the author's approach to the subject of this book. The reader is taken backstage into the worlds of beauty pageants, plastic surgery, trophy wives, murderous rage, wardrobe, makeup, Bill Clinton, the events of September Eleven and other provocative topics where beauty has had its effect.

Awakening Beautyinvites the reader into a world that is as interesting as it is frightening. Readers are transformed as the author shepherds them from their world into his unique perspective and expertise on beauty.

Awakening Beauty includes over one hundred tantalizing photographs and illustrations.

Awakening Beauty is a compendium of some of the most interesting facts in print. The subject matter of the book along with the author's unique approach to it makes this book a "must read." Get ready to re-think everything you thought you knew about beautiful women and physical attractiveness.

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